G20 explainer: everything you need to know about this week’s crucial summit | G20


What is happening?

On Tuesday, leaders of the G20 countries – the world’s major economies – will gather in Bali, Indonesia, for an annual summit overshadowed by Russia’s presence during its war in Ukraine. Although President Vladimir Putin has withdrawn, Russia will be represented by his veteran foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov.

The Group of 20 – made up of 19 countries plus the European Union – accounts for almost two-thirds of the world’s population, 85% of the world economy and 75% of world trade.

As of 2022, there are 20 members in the group: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, South Korea, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

What are the main issues?

In addition to keynote speeches from world leaders, numerous bilateral talks will take place against the background of global tensions, including the invasion of Ukraine and the resulting global economic consequencesthe climate crisis, North Korea’s Dormant Nuclear Programand China’s Rising Global Ambitions.

It is the largest gathering of the leaders’ group since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, and Indonesia – as the host state – has set an agenda that focuses on economic recovery from the pandemic, global health measures and sustainable energy.

What is the most important meeting to watch?

While it is not strictly a G20 meeting, Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, meet in Bali on Monday afternoon for their first face-to-face meeting as leaders. Biden – who now has significantly more political capital following the results of the US midterm elections – has said he will try to establish red lines in the US-China relationship that will allow for competition and coexistence. He is also expected to warn of an invasion of Taiwan and attempts to restrict shipping in the South China Sea.

US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said Biden would be “completely straightforward and direct” against Xi and expects the same in return. Officials say he will force China to rein in ally North Korea after a record wave of missile tests raised fears that Pyongyang will soon conduct its seventh nuclear test.

Xi may not be in the mood to help. He enters the meeting after recently achieving a milestone in his third term in office, confirming him as the most powerful Chinese leader in generations.

Who else goes?

British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak also goes to Bali, where he faces his first major diplomatic test. He is expected to focus directly on the Russian invasion of Ukraine and emphasize his support for Kiev. “We will invoke the Putin regime and expose their utter disregard for the kind of international cooperation and respect for sovereignty that forums such as the G20 represent,” Sunak said in a statement on Saturday. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy has been invited to address the summit virtually.

Biden and Sunak will meet face-to-face for the first time on Wednesday at the G20, as US diplomats stepped up pressure to reach an agreement on Northern Ireland’s protocol for the 25th anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement next year. Biden has indicated that he will visit Northern Ireland for the anniversary and has long been keen to protect the deal.

The British Prime Minister also has a one-on-one meeting with the British Prime Minister Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman.

Other world leaders in attendance include Indonesian President Joko Widodo, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, South Korean President Yoon Suk-Yeol, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, French President Emmanuel Macron, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Argentine President Alberto Fernandez, Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard and Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni.

Jair Bolosonaro, the outgoing Brazilian president, will not attend.

The EU will be represented by Ursula von der Leyen and Charles Michel.

Will we get an awkward group photo this year?

No, there will be no official “family photo” of world leaders when they meet due to widespread discomfort over Russia’s presence at the summit.

The Valley Voice
The Valley Voicehttp://thevalleyvoice.org
Christopher Brito is a social media producer and trending writer for The Valley Voice, with a focus on sports and stories related to race and culture.


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