Striking NASA image reveals Io’s volcano-laced surface

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NASA’s Juno spacecraft mission to Jupiter has set its sights on the moon Io.

The agency said in a release that shared a striking image of the moon’s volcano-dotted surface captured in infrared by the Jovian Infrared Auroral Mapper this summer that it planned to image the Jovian moon on Thursday.

The December 15 flyby was the first of nine, two of which were only 930 miles away.

The July 5 photo was taken as the spacecraft flew past at a distance of about 50,000 miles, with brighter spots indicating where the temperature was higher.

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The volcano-dotted surface of Jupiter’s moon Io was captured in infrared on July 5, 2022, by the Juno spacecraft’s Jovian Infrared Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) imager as it flew by at a distance of about 50,000 miles (80,000 kilometers). Brighter spots indicate higher temperatures in this image.
(Image data: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/ASI/INAF/JIRAM)

“The team is very excited that Juno’s extended mission will include the study of Jupiter’s moons. With each close flyby, we’ve been able to gain a wealth of new information,” Juno Principal Investigator Scott Bolton, of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, said. a statement. “Juno sensors are designed to study Jupiter, but we’re excited about how well they can do double duty by observing Jupiter’s moons.”

Io, the most volcanically active world in the solar system, will remain a focus of the Juno team for the next year and a half.

Now in its second year of its mission to probe Jupiter’s interior, the solar-powered Juno had made close proximity to Ganymede and Europa earlier in 2022 last year.

This is the final image from the JunoCam instrument on NASA's Juno spacecraft before Juno's instruments were shut down in preparation for orbital entry.

This is the final image from the JunoCam instrument on NASA’s Juno spacecraft before Juno’s instruments were shut down in preparation for orbital entry.
(Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS)

NASA said Juno scientists will use flybys to conduct the first high-resolution monitoring campaign on the magma-covered moon to study Io’s volcanoes and how volcanic eruptions interact with Jupiter’s powerful magnetosphere and aurora.

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The moon — which is slightly larger than Earth’s moon — has hundreds of volcanoes, some erupting lava fountains tens of miles high.

En route to the icy worlds that inhabit the outer reaches of our solar system, NASA's New Horizons spacecraft whizzed past Jupiter and caught Io, the planet's third-largest moon, which was experiencing a volcanic explosion.

En route to the icy worlds that inhabit the outer reaches of our solar system, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft whizzed past Jupiter and caught Io, the planet’s third-largest moon, which was experiencing a volcanic explosion.
(Image Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Cover Image Courtesy of NASA/JPL/University of Arizona)

Its remarkable activity is the result of a tug of war between Jupiter’s powerful gravity and smaller but precisely timed pulls from Europa and Ganymede.

Io was discovered in 1610 by the famous Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei.

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The discovery, along with three other Jovian moons, was the first time a moon had been discovered orbiting a planet other than Earth.

The Valley Voice
The Valley Voicehttp://thevalleyvoice.org
Christopher Brito is a social media producer and trending writer for The Valley Voice, with a focus on sports and stories related to race and culture.

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